Thursday, December 9, 2010

Fish Gourami

Gourami (Osphronemus gouramy, Lacepede) is a freshwater fish Anabantidae family. This fish has a slender body shape and width. In the adult fish, width nearly twice its body length of ¾ times the length of the head or body. Shape head carp are still young taper forward, and after dark becomes low and flat. Body color mainly on the back is a red-brown while in the belly yellowish or silvery. A pair of pelvic fin gourami will change into a pair of long threads that serves as a feeler. The fins are hard pressed on his back while crossing the line at the bottom of her ribs dorsal fin. Maximum body length of 65 cm.

Strain carp are known to the public quite a lot and varies between strains which are distinguished on the basis of its ability to produce eggs, the growth rates and maximum weight that can be achieved as an adult. However, there has been no determination of the standard strains of carp from the relevant authorities. Some are known in the community is gourami blue sapphire, paris, Baster and stone.

Gourami is a relatively slow growing fish and eggs just reached maturity around the age of 2 years.

To ensure good quality food fish, the parent needs to provide superior because of the superior parent will result in improved seed as well. Superior stem and seeds can be obtained from BBI or the People's Hatchery Unit (UPR). In Banyumas, mother superior by the local BBI classified into four main criteria are seeded 1, seeded 2, seeded 3 and 4 that differentiated superior based on spawning frequency and number of eggs produced. Providing superior parent by BBI to ensure the quality of the parent that is maintained by farmers which in turn affects the production of eggs and juvenile fish. To improve the quality of the resulting parent is the parent of genetic improvement through crossbreeding (cross breeding) to ensure growth and high resistance to disease, and not allowed marriage one instance (in breeding).

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