Thursday, December 9, 2010

Fish Gourami

Gourami (Osphronemus gouramy, Lacepede) is a freshwater fish Anabantidae family. This fish has a slender body shape and width. In the adult fish, width nearly twice its body length of ¾ times the length of the head or body. Shape head carp are still young taper forward, and after dark becomes low and flat. Body color mainly on the back is a red-brown while in the belly yellowish or silvery. A pair of pelvic fin gourami will change into a pair of long threads that serves as a feeler. The fins are hard pressed on his back while crossing the line at the bottom of her ribs dorsal fin. Maximum body length of 65 cm.

Strain carp are known to the public quite a lot and varies between strains which are distinguished on the basis of its ability to produce eggs, the growth rates and maximum weight that can be achieved as an adult. However, there has been no determination of the standard strains of carp from the relevant authorities. Some are known in the community is gourami blue sapphire, paris, Baster and stone.

Gourami is a relatively slow growing fish and eggs just reached maturity around the age of 2 years.

To ensure good quality food fish, the parent needs to provide superior because of the superior parent will result in improved seed as well. Superior stem and seeds can be obtained from BBI or the People's Hatchery Unit (UPR). In Banyumas, mother superior by the local BBI classified into four main criteria are seeded 1, seeded 2, seeded 3 and 4 that differentiated superior based on spawning frequency and number of eggs produced. Providing superior parent by BBI to ensure the quality of the parent that is maintained by farmers which in turn affects the production of eggs and juvenile fish. To improve the quality of the resulting parent is the parent of genetic improvement through crossbreeding (cross breeding) to ensure growth and high resistance to disease, and not allowed marriage one instance (in breeding).

Thursday, December 2, 2010

How to Maintain and Care for Goldfish

Goldfish maintenance methods can vary, although in principle, such as maintenance of other ornamental fish, there's only one way of maintaining water quality.

Goldfish have a distinctive character that is highly susceptible to levels of ammonia dissolved in water. This is what often makes the perception among fans of ornamental fish that are hard to keep goldfish, dead easy.

To overcome the problem of ammonia concentration, the things you can do is 2, which neutralize them, or replace the water. Neutralizes ammonia levels can be done by using biofilters or by growing water moss, which will absorb the substances that can poison the fish.

Some of the techniques used by the hobbyist, and proved to work well is as follows:

1. Biofiltration:
Biofiltration techniques that either originated from the fan-koi enthusiasts. The key to this technique is the use filtrasinya media. One of the best media to use Japanese-made synthetic matt, which is currently found in many ornamental fish shops. This media will do the filtering impurities and memperangkapnya fish, which in turn will stimulate the growth of bacteria nitrobacter in it. Aeration should run quite a lot and when the biofilter has been cycled, the environment aquarium / pond fish has become stable. For hobbyists who are lazy to drain water fish, this method is of course very suitable, because it does not require draining the water at all. However, existing weakness is that the water is never replaced, causing substances / minerals needed fish, which can be obtained from the new water, not available, which can cause fish to become less bright colors, and so forth. This technique can be offset by the partial replacement of water regularly.

2. Water Green / greenwater method:
This technique is a technique commonly used in farm goldfish everywhere. This is the most primitive method, namely to let the fish in the pond until the water is green (algae growth krn). It should be noted that moss is a moss which grows the water, not a moss wall of the pool. Usually at the farm, after the water becomes green, then the water will be replaced completely with new water. This method can be developed with a consistent attempt to maintain the green level of the water, by the way when the water is about to be replaced, kept a bucket of old water to later be mixed with new water. Thus, algae growth is expected to occur again immediately after a new pool drained. Another advantage of this method is to maintain water was green, the color becomes brighter fish, which is caused because the fish eat the algae which are in the water. This method is very good for the health of fish, but not a favorite among fans, because with the green water, goldfish therein can not be seen.

3. Mechanical filtering:
Mechanical filtering is to filter out solid impurities existing in the pool / aquarium, so the water always looks clear. This method does not filter kotoran2 dissolved in water, so that many hobbyists are trapped by looking at the clear water, but high levels of ammonia, which can cause fish sick or dead. Mechanical filtering must be accompanied by water replacement rutiin, can by replacement of 2 percent every day and accompanied by washing the filter media.

4. Replace water:
Because the levels of ammonia in water caused by fish feces, then the technique can be used is to remove dirt fish with in-siphon, and do the replacement of water regularly. One of the hobbyists in Jakarta using this technique, which is doing siphon & replacement of water and 80% as much as 2 times a day. This technique worked well at all and the growth of fish in it is relatively better than the methods used by other hobbyists.

Hopefully Useful Create the goldfish-Mania

Tips for Arowana Fish in Aquarium

Negligence is the source of disaster for fans. Once the aquarium aerator remiss not control, can-can arowana dead. Moreover, careless, certainly more fatal consequences. So for fans who truly love Arowana, must pay attention to the intricacies surrounding the treatment. The hope, for arowana in the aquarium can appear graceful and beautiful. So what to do?

1. Notice aquarium equipment
Success of the aquarium into a comfortable place for arowana fish, really influenced by the completeness of supporting facilities.

Function aerator or air pump is supplying air into the aquarium water, and simultaneously vaporize or push the remnants of burning out from the aquarium. Aerator is quite good, if a small electrical current that moves him, but a relatively large air ditiupkannya.

Heater & Thermometer
Heater (heater) is necessary especially when the aquarium water temperature dropped dramatically. While the water temperature control equipment or thermometer was also installed in the aquarium. In cold areas, heater and thermometer is very necessary.

Filter or filter function to filter the water in the aquarium. Work includes this filter to suck up water aquarium, filter, and back again into the tank in a clean condition.

TL Lamp
The presence of fluorescent lights, in addition to emit light, also can enhance your appearance aquarium. But, do not let light fluorescent lamp was a cause heat in excess of needs. Ideally for the aquarium of 80 × 40 cm fluorescent lamp requiring 20 watts power.

2. Diligent aquarium maintenance
I can not help if you already love Arowana fish in the aquarium, diligent enough to care. Because then that, the appearance of arowana in the aquarium look healthy, fresh, and fun.

The main menu is a centipede arowana in the aquarium. But do not constantly be centipedes, should be varied with other foods. For example: shrimp, cockroaches, frogs, centipedes, lizards, and crickets.

Control & running water
Every day is required to control the temperature and pH of the water. The ideal water temperature for arowana fish around 25-27 degrees Celsius. If the temperature of cold water, immediately turn on the heater until the water temperature as needed. While the desired pH of about 6 to 8.5. If the pH is too low, then add the lime into the tank. In addition, water sanitation should be noted also, please treat the aquarium water with Malachite green, with a frequency of 3 weeks.

And do not forget, aquarium water was also replaced. However, water turnover dipilahkan into two, namely: (a) regular water changes every 2 days with a volume of 10% of the total volume of aquarium water, and (b) total water changes done every 3 months. If you are using piped water, should be allowed 24 hours in advance for the content of chlorine to settle, and after that can be inserted into the aquarium.

3. Interior aquarium
Life in the aquarium is a replica of the environment in the wild. Therefore, it is necessary in the aquarium interior. This means that demands an appreciation of aesthetics, so the combination of graceful beauty of the aquarium with Arowana fish can show a harmonious shades of coolness.

Water Plants
Given the origin of arowana fish who like to hide under water plants, then we are ready to provide the plant in question. There are several types of water plants to choose from, among others: Vallisneria spiralis, Hidrilla VERTICILLATA, Riccia fluiutana, Higrophila polisperma, Pistia stratiotes, Najas indica, and so forth.

Sand rock
Sand is used as the foundation stone laying. We recommend that you use river sand, which was mixed with humus. In addition, given also includes coral-rock and essays. Ideal stone size berdia meter 3 mm. These rocks have a variety of patterns and colors that range but still beautiful.

Monday, November 29, 2010

Black Ghost Fish

Fish Black Ghost comes from the Amazon river, South America is a fish peacemakers, whose size can reach 50 cm, body elongated and flattened with a black body color. This fish is classified as a fish knife (Knifefishes), because the overall body shape resembles a knife out of the head and body and then melancip the stomach.

Terms of media for the desired water quality of fish Black Ghost which is 'soft' (software) and tend to sour, however the "Black Ghost" relative to live in conditions of water varies. Black Ghost also choose a certain type of food, can eat dry food, frozen food and life, yet would prefer if the worms fed with hair.


Means and materials needed to produce fish "Black Ghost" is:

1. Container maintenance & equipment
  • Aquarium size (40 x 40 x 80) cm as the maintenance of the parent and at the same spawning place of attachment fitted with a plastic tray of eggs filled with stones, or tree fern.
  • Aquarium size (60 x 40 x 40) cm as a place to hatch eggs.
  • Installation of aeration blowers, aeration hose and aeration stone.
  • Other equipment such as hose to replace the water, soope net and fish tank cleaning equipment (brushes, etc.)
2. Feed
  • 'Blood worm' which is used as the main feed.
  • Hair worm used as food for fish from age 2 weeks to adulthood.
  • Artemia, which is used to feed larvae.
II. Operational Activities
1. Hatchery
Activities include maintenance of the parent and hatchery broodstock, spawning and larval treatment.

1.1. Maintenance Parent
Difference male and female adult fish can be seen especially from chin length (distance between the tip of the mouth with gill cover). In male fish, his chin is relatively long compared to female fish. Males are relatively more slender than the female fish that have a form of abdominal fat. In the adult male, there is a white liquid (sperm) when sorted the stomach. Master Black Ghost can mature egg after about one year old with a length of 15 cm.

Parent females and males reared in a container of aquarium-sized (80 x 40 x 50) cm, with the installation of aeration with a feed 'Warm Blood' which is given by the frequency of 3 times / day for (ad libitum).

Substitution of water should be done every day to throw dirt at the bottom of the aquarium and maintain the quality of maintenance media.

1.2. Spawning
Spawning done en masse in the aquarium as well as the maintenance of the parent. Comparison of female and male parent is 2: 1. On the spawning container, placed a plastic tray size (30x20x7) cm, filled with rocks as a place of attachment of eggs and at the center of the tray covered with perforated trays (20x15x10) cm to protect eggs from predation own parent. For aquarium size (80 x 60 x 50) cm can be kept 10 fish holding at least 5 females and males.

The environment in which maintenance and spawning fish Black Ghost is usually made relatively dark, and these fish spawn at night. Towards the rising sun, a place of attachment of egg trays should be immediately taken and transferred to the hatchery, to avoid egg predation by the parent. Eggs are harvested from spawning tray 200 eggs / day.

1.3. Hatching eggs and larvae treatment
Hatching eggs made at the aquarium, and will hatch on the third day. Food naupli artemia be started on day 10 after hatching, and then given a hair worms ad libitum.

1.4. Separating and Enlargement
Nursery activities conducted after the larvae can eat the hair worms, which were 2 weeks, until the fish reach the size of 1 inch with long maintenance of 1-15 months while the Black Ghost fish rearing activities undertaken to reach commercial size, which is 2-3 inches. Containers that are used to form the aquarium or tub with stocking density 2-5 fish / l. Feed given during maintenance are hair worms ad libitum. Black Ghost Fish with a size of 2 inches can be reached within two months. While the size of 3 inches can be achieved by increasing the maintenance time for three weeks. Cleaned to remove dirt must be done every day for the media quality is maintained.

Saturday, November 27, 2010

Guppy Fish

Guppy originally live in brackish water marsh. These fish breed by breed so that pembiakan relatively easy. Male parent has a bright color, a slender body, a longer dorsal fin, have gondopodium (in the form of elongated bulge behind pelvic fins), which is a modified form of fin anal fin length. For breeding females have body fat, less bright colors, small dorsal fins, pelvic fins form a smooth fin.

In addition to color, form the basis of guppy fish also varied. Guppy is divided based on the tails of the wide tail (tail width), sword tail (long tail), and short tail (short tail). Each variety has 4 kinds of fish. The latest varieties Ribbon / Swallow. This is a new variety of the various crosses causing gene mutations are the result of cross breeding of various types of fish.

Guppy breeding by way of a son. Guppy newborn child had to swim properly direct. This occurs because the process of internal fertilization of guppy mating occurs when the organ gondopodium located on the anal fin is inserted into the organ of the female egg.

Guppy males will chase females ready to mate. Every time a marriage can be 3 times the birth. Time of birth ranged from 3 weeks and a female can produce 60 seed heads.

By understanding the process of conception until the birth of guppy fish, it is necessary to use a method for marriage guppy can be easily regulated and controlled in accordance with our wishes. The downside of guppy breeding is the inaccuracy mainly using mass mating system. Techniques used in producing a superior strain of guppy in with the F4 or also called line system.

To find a good guppy usually can be searched by a female who has a great tail shape. As for the male is usually sought the most bright colors are also dominant. For guppy Ribbon, Ribbon very dominant female, whereas males remain male for normal, so to get a good male guppy Ribbon still needed a normal male. So for this guppy can be sold as a trio.

Betta Fish Farming

Here are the ways betta fish farming:

betta fish marriage
Gonadal maturation
Gonad maturation is done in a small aquarium or jar. The trick, prepare two aquarium size 20 cm long, 20 cm width and height of 20 cm or jar with a volume of 2-3 liters (one for males and one for females); dry for 2 days; water content as high as 15 cm, the input of the tail stem male or female; news feed in the form of worms taste hair worms or silk worms.

Spawning done in aqurium or jar. The trick, prepare two aquarium size 20 cm long, 20 cm width and height of 20 cm or jar with a volume of 2-3 liters (one for males and one for females); dry for 2 days; water content as high as 15 cm; inputs allied eceng goduk as a protector; input single breeding male, female parent input; let it spawn.

Note: The process begins with the creation of spawning nest by the male parent in the form of foam on the surface of the water. Next invite females to spawn. Spawning can occur at any time, can be morning, afternoon, evening or night. When you are spawning is characterized by the existence of eggs in the foam and the male is on the surface, waiting for eggs while wagging his fins. Eggs will hatch within 24-36 hours and began to swim after the age of 5-6 days. A breeding female can produce as many larvae 500-1500 tail.

Separating done in the same aquarium or jar. Way, catching the male parent and input back to the maturation of the gonads; female parent was also arrested and input into the gonadal ridge, larvae that have been aged for 6 days were given a feed infusoria, or rotifers, or naupli artemia; harvested after a month.

Separating II and III
Separating II, conducted in an aquarium or other jars. How, to prepare an aquarium size 20 cm long, 20 cm width and height of 20 cm or jar with a volume of 2-3 liters; dry for 2 days; contents as high as 15 cm of water, add 30 individuals originating from seeds nursery places; form of news feed hair worms or silk worms appropriate dosage; harvested after a month. Separating II is like separating II, but with a density of 20 fish.

Enlargement done at the aquarium or other jars. How, to prepare an aquarium size 20 cm long, 20 cm width and height of 20 cm or jar with a volume of 2-3 liters; dry for 2 days; water content as high as 15 cm, 10 fish seed inputs originating from the nursery; form of news feed hair worms or silk worms appropriate dosage; harvested after two months. Fish is ready for sale.

Good luck and good luck

Betta Fish

Ornamental fish betta fish is a very well known by the public, especially children, because the fish are a beautiful addition to apparently can also be an attractive when pitted Military. This fish is also often called a game fish and its Latin name is Betta splendens, including in the family Anabantidae (Labirynth Fisher).

Different male and female 
Different male and female Betta fish are very clear. Can from a distance and do not need dipeIkan ornamental fish Betta splendens is a very well known by the public, especially children, because the fish are a beautiful addition to apparently can also be an attractive when pitted Military. Female body is marked with a darker color or a dull, fin-fin shorter than male, more abdominal fat and did not move much or not much fight. While a lighter-bodied males from females, fins longer, leaner and more stomach move or fight. Parent males and females begin spawning after the age of 6 months.